Since time immemorial man has known about
the medicinal properties of plants and widely used them for practical purposes.
Different parts of theplant may be used for
medicinal purposes: roots and rhizomes, stems and leaves, flowers and
inflorescences, fruits and seeds. All these parts are worth collecting in a
certain period of time.
It is well known that the proper time of
harvesting or collecting plants and herbs is during that period when active
constituents of the plant are highest in their number and quality. Roots and rhizomes
are collected in autumn after the vegetative processes have finished. Bark is
collected in spring before these processes begin. Leaves and flowering tops are
collected when photosynthesis is the most active, which is usually about the
time of flowering and before the maturing of the fruit and seed. Flowers are
collected in the time of pollination. Fruits may be collected either before or
after the ripening period. Seeds may be collected when fully matured.
All parts of the plant differ as to the shape,
taste, colour, odour, and pharmacological activity.
Many of the most useful plants and the time
of their collecting were known and used in the treatment of certain diseases in
antiquity long time before the development of sciences. Based on the results of
observations and experience of many generations, folk medicine serves to some
extend as the source of scientific medicine. The unripe seed capsules of the
opium poppy were used as painkillers in ancient Greece. Garlic was known to man
5000 years ago. Disco-rides, a Greek physician of the second century,
prescribed garlic for all lung and intestinal diseases. Hippocrates added that
it was effective as a laxative and diuretic. Many medicinal plants were used
for the prevention and curing of diseases by the ancient Slavs. The medieval
physician Avicenna recommended especially the so-called Rues' medicines. Folk
medicine compasses a wide variety of medicinal remedies and medications.
Medicinal plants, an integral part of folk
medicine, are widely cultivated in Ukraine. Many successful remedies and
resources of folk medicine are worth studying for using them in scientific
Запитання до тексту
1. What parts of medicinal plants are used
for medicinal purposes? 2. What is the time of collecting bark? 3. When is it
recommended to collect fruits? 4. When was garlic known as a medicinal plant?
5. What did the ancient Slavs use medicinal
plants for? 6. What physicians of antiquity do you know? 7. What is the role of
folk medicine nowadays?
III. Прочитайте речення та скажіть, які з них відповідають змісту текста.
1. Medicinal properties of plants have been
known to man only recently. 2. All parts of plants may be used for medicinal
p'irposes. 3. Roots and rhizomes are collected after the vegetative processes
have finished. 4. Folk medicine is based on the results of the scientific investigations.
5. All parts of plants differ in pharmacological activity.
6. Many medicinal plants are cultivated in
IV. Складіть запитання до підкреслених слів.
I. The roots have two main functions. 2.
Carrots and radishes have a taproot system. 3. Grass is useful on hillsides
because its fibrous roots hold soil well. 4. In some species water is stored in
the leaves. 5. Poplar trees have simple leaves. 6. To produce seeds theplant
must have flowers.
V. Складіть запитання, до яких ці речення будуть відповідями.
1. Since time immemorial man has known
about the medicinal properties of plants. 2. All parts of plants are collected
in a certain period of time. 3. All parts of the plant differ as to the shape,
taste, colour, odour. 4. Garlic was prescribed for all lung and intestinal diseases.
5. The medieval physician Avicenna recommended especially the so-called Russ'
VI. Опишіть яку-небудь
лікарську рослину, її зовнішній вигляд,
ботанічніособливостіїїбудови,її лікарські властивості. Зробіть це у вигляді загадки для ваших одногрупників.
VII. Складіть одне речення з двох поданих. Запам'ятайте, що
після словосполучень it's (not) worth; it's no use (good) вживається герундій.
MODEL 1: Don't repeat this experiment. It's
no use. //'s no use repeating this experiment.
1. Don't ask him these questions. It's no
use. 2. Don't argue with the teacher. It's no good. 3. Don't waste much money
on food. It's no good. 4. Don't miss your classes. It's no good. 5. Don't
collect this herb in autumn. It's no use.
MODEL 2: I recommend you to discuss this
article. It is interesting. This article is worth discussing.
1.1 recommend you to visit the exhibition
in folk medicine. It is interesting. 2.1 advise you to drink the herb tea. It's
useful. 3.1 recommend you to attend lectures in pharmacognosy. They are
interesting. 4. You should repair your watch. It's good. 5.1 advise you to put
on a warm coat. It's cold.
VIII. Використавши активну лексику уроку, складіть три речення з конструкціями it's
(not) worth; it's no use (good).